Japan is an archipelago in the Pacific, Japan is separated from the east coast of Asia by the Sea of Japan. It has high-rise-filled cities, imperial palaces, mountainous national parks and thousands of shrines and temples. The ?kanji? that makes up Japan's name mean "sun origin", and it is often called the "Land of the Rising Sun".
Japan is a stratovolacanic archipelago of 6,852 islands. The four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area. Together they are often known as the Japanese archipelago. The main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu. About 73 percent of Japan is forested, mountainous, and unsuitable for agricultural, industrial, or residential use. Japan has 108 active volcanoes. A nearly continuous series of ocean trenches, volcanic arcs and shifting tectonic plates, the Pacific Ring of Fire accounts for more than 75 percent of the world?s active volcanoes and 90 percent of the world?s earthquakes.
The Japanese economy is forecasted by the Quarterly Tankan survey of business sentiment conducted by the Bank of Japan. Japan is estimated to have a GDP per capita of around $38,490. Japan is the world's largest creditor nation as well as having the highest debt per GDP. Japan is the world's third largest automobile manufacturing country, has the largest electronics goods industry, and is often ranked among the world's most innovative countries leading several measures of global patent filings. Japan is among the top-three importers for agricultural products in the world next to the European Union and United States in total volume for covering of its own domestic agricultural consumption. Japan?s corporate sector has continued to push the technology envelope in fields such as robotics, medical devices, clean energy, satellite communications and spacecraft, water processing and other high tech industries. It might be logical to assume that the excellence of medical research in Japan is a direct result of the increasing investment by both public and private sectors in the field of biomedical R&D.
Japan produced 21 Nobel laureates so far, (eleven have been physicists, seven chemists, two for literature, three for physiology or medicine and one for efforts towards peace). Satoshi Omura is a Japanese biochemist (Noble prize winner), was a long-standing member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Antibiotics, becoming Editor-in-Chief during 2004-2013. In the 21st century, in the field of natural science, the number of Japanese winners of the Nobel Prize has been second behind the U.S. Several leading Institution in the country including University of Tokyo, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Kyoto University, Osaka University, RIKEN, Tokyo Institute of Technology and others are spearheading the medical research). Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development monitors the funding and integration of the R & D related to medical sciences in the country. Japan is ranked number 2 preceded by U.S.A in publishing highest number of articles in nuclear medicine. Health care journals are published from Japan with good reputation. The number of articles having affiliation with a Japanese institution was counted along with publication year.