|A journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting new research. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles, reviews, editorials, short communications, letters, and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Journals contain articles that peer reviewed, in an attempt to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Psychologists have been working in Medical settings since the growth surge in the field following World War II. The Clinical Psychology profession growth escalated with the need and application of the newly designed empirical assessment and treatment interventions. The initial invitations in Medicine came to Psychologists from departments of Psychiatry. The recognition of the knowledge competencies (i.e., Brain & Behavior, Social Interactions, Learning, Memory, Perception) fundamental to the training of doctoral level Clinical Psychologists expanded Veteranâs Administration service first, then, medical specialties of Neurology and Physical Medicine. The integrated knowledge and skills of the Psychologist to design, implement and interpret research investigations of patientsâ behavior fortified the flourishing of Psychologists in general hospital settings. This trend of the recent twenty-five years growth of utilizing Psychologists in healthcare is due to the increasing complexity of health care. In fact, the core competencies of Psychology doctoral training include many areas congruent to medicine. They are: scientifically minded practice, intervention skills, consultation and interpersonal collaborations, supervision and professional development. Also, according to the American Psychological Association, these specialized competencies are acquired last in the training following advanced knowledge and skills.