Adolescents are young persons in the age group of 10 and 19 years, are often considered of as a healthy group. Nevertheless, many adolescents do pass away prematurely due to accidents, suicide, aggression, pregnancy associated difficulties and other illnesses that are either preventable or treatable. Many more bear chronic ill-health and disability. In addition, numerous serious infections in adulthood have their roots in adolescence. For example, tobacco use, sexually transmitted infections including HIV, poor consuming and lifestyle habits, leading to illness or premature death subsequently in future. The phrase âadolescenceâ is drawn from the Latin âadolescereâ meaning to augment or to mature. It is considered as a time span of transition from childhood to adulthood. They are no longer children yet, not adults. It is distinguished by fast physical development, significant physical, emotional, psychological and religious changes. Adolescents constitute 22.8% of population of India as on 1st march 2000. They are not only in large figures but are the citizens and workers of tomorrow. The difficulties of adolescents are multi- dimensional in environment and require holistic approach. A large number of adolescents in India are out of school, malnourished, get wed early, employed in susceptible positions, and are related to sex active. They are exposed to tobacco or alcoholic and beverage abuse. The premier causes of illness and death amidst adolescents and juvenile mature persons are largely preventable. Wellbeing of adolescents and juvenile mature persons are grounded in their communal environments and are often mediated by their behaviors. Behaviors of juvenile people are leveraged at the individual, peer, family, school, community, and societal grades. Two important issues that influence the adolescent health include: adolescent population is becoming more ethnically diverse. Second, the greater focus on the use of positive youth development interventions to prevent the adolescent risk behaviors to promote their well being.
Last date updated on February, 2021