Italy is officially known as the Italian Republic is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe. Rome is the capital of Italy. Italy's official language is Italian. Roman Catholicism is the largest religion in the country. Italy has more UNESCO World Heritage Sites (51) than any other country in the world and has rich collections of art, culture and literature from many different periods.
Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate; due to its shape, it is often referred to in Italy as lo Stivale (the Boot) with 61 million inhabitants, it is the 4th most populous EU member state. The Apennine Mountains and Alps surround the country and its highest point is located on Mont Blanc. Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino and Vatican City.
Italy has an industrialist blended economy, positioning as the third-biggest in the Eurozone and the eighth-biggest on the planet.Italy has highest life expectancy in the EU the high level of human development. Italy is a founding and leading member of numerous international institutions. Its closest exchange ties are with the other international locations of the eu Union, with whom it conducts about 59% of its whole trade. Third Largest Economy is owns by Italy, Plays major role in Military services.
Italy is a founding and leading member of numerous international institutions. Through the decades, Italy has made many major discoveries in the stream of Science and technology. In 2001, Italy had 1,156 scientists and engineers per million people engaged in research and development (R&D). In that same year, expenditures on R&D totaled $16.7 trillion or 1.11% of GDP. Italy has advanced the scientific neighborhood which produced many gigantic innovations and discoveries in biology, physics, chemistry, arithmetic, astronomy and the other sciences. Many researchers share their researches and knowledge in list of Hematology journals Italy.