|The spleen is a wedge-shaped organ lying mainly in the left upper quadrant (left hypochondrium and partly in the epigastrium) and is protected by the left 9thto 11th ribs. It is soft, highly vascular and dark purple in colour. Size and weight vary from person-to-person but on average is around 2.5 cm thick, 7.5cm broad and 12.5 cm in length. The spleen has two poles (superior and inferior), three borders and two surfaces (diaphragmatic and visceral). It is enclosed by a thin capsule, which is easily ruptured.
A journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting new research. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles, reviews, editorials, short communications, letters, and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Journals contain articles that peer reviewed, in an attempt to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.