The term heart disease is often interchanged with the term cardiovascular disease. It generally refers to the conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. By controlling high blood pressure, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet and by maintaining low cholesterol levels heart diseases can be prevented.
Diagnosis and symptoms include cardiac catherization, cardiac MRI, picturing the heart, a CT scan, a coronary angiography, stress testing, echocardiography, nuclear heart scan, etc. Treatment for heart valve problems include medications, heart valve surgery and for heart attack medications like clot busters should be administered as soon as possible, coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
In 2013, about 11.0 persons on average died from coronary heart diseases per day. Moreover, more males died from coronary heart diseases (male to female ratio = 1.5:1), but the gender gap narrowed with age increased. The number of in-patient discharges and deaths due to coronary heart diseases continued to rise steadily in recent years. In 2013, 29,866 in-patient discharges and deaths were related to coronary heart diseases, accounting for 1.5% of all in-patient discharges and deaths.