Ménière's disease is a rare disorder that affects the inner ear. It can cause vertigo, tinnitus, hearing loss, and a feeling of pressure deep inside the ear.The condition affects people differently; it can range in intensity from being a mild annoyance to a lifelong condition.
Ménière’s disease may start with fluctuating hearing loss, eventually progressing to attacks of vertigo and dizziness. Oncoming attacks are often preceded by an “aura,” or the specific set of warning symptoms, listed below. Paying attention to these warning symptoms can allow a person to move to a safe or more comfortable situation before an attack.
Bernstein (1965) reported 7 families with more than 1 case of episodic vertigo and hearing loss. In 1 family identical female twins and the daughter of one of the twins were affected. Three families also had migraine in certain members. In a review of 500 patients with Meniere disease, Paparella (1985) detected a 20% incidence of positive family history and suggested multifactorial etiology.
To find out if you have Ménière’s disease, your doctor will take your medical history, perform a physical exam, and conduct a few tests for hearing and balance. You may have additional tests to rule out other causes of your symptoms.It is only diagnosed when all other possible causes of the patient's symptom have been ruled out.
Major research on disease:
Dana White Meniere's Disease: A-Rod, German stem cell treatment cure.Ménière’s disease can be difficult to diagnose as other conditions sometimes cause similar symptoms.Menière's disease is an idiopathic and therefore a diagnosis of exclusion.