Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing or instances of shallow or infrequent breathing during sleep. Each pause in breathing, called an apnea, can last for several seconds to several minutes, and may occur, by definition, at least 5 times in an hour. Similarly, each abnormally shallow breathing event is called a hypopnea.
People have issues with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and impaired alertness. In other words, common effects of sleep apnea include daytime fatigue, a slower reaction time, and vision problems.SA may increase risk for driving accidents and work-related accidents. If SA is not treated, one has an increased risk of other health problems such as diabetes.
"Apnea?hypopnea index (AHI), Number of apneas and/or hypopneas per hour of sleep (or study time), Reflects the severity of sleep apnea, AHI = 0?5 Normal range, AHI = 5?15 Mild sleep apnea, AHI = 15?30 Moderate sleep apnea, AHI > 30 Severe sleep apneaApproximately 42 million American adults have SDB1,1 in 5 adults has mild SA, 1 in 15 has moderate to severe OSA2, 9% of middle-aged women and 25% of middle-aged men suffer from OSA3,Prevalence similar to asthma (20 million) and diabetes (23.6 million) of US population4, 75% of severe SDB cases remain undiagnosed.