Many principles of embryology apply to invertebrates as well as to vertebrates. Therefore, the study of invertebrate embryology has advanced the study of vertebrate embryology. Although clinical aspects of medical genetics occupy the core of interest of physicians taking care of patients with genetic disorders, sound knowledge of basic aspects of human genetics, which represent the actual source of all information related to their work, is necessary for optimizing their practical skills. Unfortunately, a wide gap exists between clinical geneticists and required proper awareness of the spectrum of different fields of basic genetics. A situation like this might not hinder or affect the quality of medical service offered to patients, but it surely delays significant therapeutic and/or prophylactic achievements that could be attained by clinical geneticists familiar with basic genetics. For instance, knowledge of transposon activity and of unique features of mitochondrial genetics, when merged with relevant clinical data concerning development of congenital malformations and pathogenesis of mitochondrial disorders, could offer new research concepts regarding prophylaxis against congenital anomalies and therapy of mitochondrial disorders, respectively. Mohammad Saad Zaghloul Salem, Medical Genetics: Problems and Approaches.
Last date updated on April, 2021