Anthrax is as old as man, it was given its name by a Greek physician named Hippocrates because of the black sore it causes on the skin of human and animals.
Humans can become infected from exposure to infected animals or contaminated animal products (including meat, hides, and hair).Anthrax was the first bacterial disease for which effective preventive treatment (prophylaxis) was developed.
Prophylaxis played a prominent role in controlling anthrax in animals and protection to individuals from infection. Several vaccines has been produced for the anthrax disease. Louis Pasteur is known as the first microbiologist to produce the first anthrax vaccine in 1881.