Aortic valve disease is usually a condition in which the valve between the main pumping chambers of heart (left ventricle) and the main artery to body (aorta) shows abnormalities in their work. Aortic valve disease sometimes a condition which may be present at the time of birth (congenital heart disease), or it may result from other causes.As the aortic valve advances from sclerosis to stenosis, the left ventricle experiences ceaseless imperviousness to systolic discharge.
They are usally two types of Aortic valve disease Aortic valve stenosis in this condition, the aortic valve opening is narrowed which obstructs blood flow from heart into aorota and other parts of the body. Aortic valve regurgitation. In this condition, the aortic valve doesn't close properly, causing blood to flow backward into the left ventricle.
Statistics: In india the prevalence rate of Aortic valve disease is estimated to be approximately 2.8%. aortic sclerosis affects about 35% of the population older than 65 years. The prevalence of moderate or severe aortic stenosis in patients more than 65-75 years old is 3.8%. Aortic valve disease is approximately 1.0% at age 75 years and 7.1% at 85-95 years.