Congenital heart defects in children refers to a child was born with a problem in the structure of his or her heart. Some congenital heart defects in children are simple and don't need treatment, such as a small hole between heart chambers that closes on its own and other are more complex and require several surgeries performed over a period of several years.
Treatment with a catheter is much easier for the child to go through than surgery. Instead of opening the body with an incision as in surgery, the doctor makes a small cut in the skin and inserts a catheter (a thin tube) into the body through an artery or vein.
A prevalence of 26.4 per 1000 patients was observed. VSD (ventricular septal defect) was the commonest lesion (21.3%), followed by ASD (atrial septal defect) in 18.9% and PDA (patent ductus arteriosus) in 14. 6%. Tetralogy of Fallot was the commonest cyanotic heart disease (4.6%). Maximum number of children with heart disease (82.9%) were diagnosed between 0-3 years of age.
The major research work is for treating the Congenital heart defects in children is by tracking Birth defects tracking systems identify babies born with birth defects, including CHDs, and collect information to learn more about these conditions.Many states have birth defects tracking systems, which are vital to help us find out where, and when birth defects occur and who they affect.