A myocardial infraction or a heart attack is permanent damage to the heart muscle. It occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to heart muscle gets suddenly blocked by which the heart can’t get oxygen. Various symptoms include pain or discomfort in one or both the arms that spread to shoulders, upper back, neck or jaw, a general sense of anxiety, shortness of breath, stomach or abdominal pain, weakness and overwhelming fatigue, swelling of the ankles and lower legs, etc.
A heart attack is a medical emergency so should call the ambulance. If the causality is not allergic to aspirin and its easily available than give them a tablet ideally 300mg to slowly chew and swallow while waiting for the ambulance to arrive. The aspirin will help to reduce the risk of heart attack by thinning the blood. The two main treatments include: using medication to dissolve blood clots, surgery to restore blood to the heart.
India will soon bear the largest burden of heart disease globally: In India, out of the estimated population of more than 1.27 billion dispersed across various geographical regions, about 45 million people suffer from coronary artery disease. ‘According to current estimates, India will soon have the highest number of cases of cardiovascular disease in the world,’ says Dr Nikhil Kumar, Director, Cardiology, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon. It is estimated to account for 35.9% deaths by the year 2030.