There are two types of lip cancer: squamous cell and basal cell. The most common type of lip cancer begins in the squamous cells, the thin, flat cells that line the lips and mouth. Lip cancer symptoms are very similar to those of other types of oral cancer. It can often be mistaken for a cold that won’t go away, or a persistent toothache. Other symptoms and signs include, A sore in the mouth that does not heal, Persistent mouth pain, A lump or thickening in the cheek, A white or red patch on the gums, tongue, tonsil, or lining of the mouth, A sore throat or feeling that something is caught in the throat that does not go away.
Surgery can also be part of a treatment program for advanced-stage cancer. Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted drug therapy are also potential treatment options for patients with lip cancer. A combination of these therapies can be used. 95% of lip cancer affects the lower lip. Oral cancer has been traditionally described as a major form of cancer in India although on the basis of cancer registry data, it was thought that the incidence has decreased. A comparison of the age specific incidence rates of mouth cancer (ICD 143-5) during 1983-87 and 1995 in the city of Ahmedabad shows that the incidence has significantly increased in the younger population (< 50 years).