In 1861 the French physician Prosper Ménière theorized that attacks of vertigo, ringing in the ear (tinnitus) and hearing loss came from the inner ear rather than from the brain, as was generally believed at the time.Meniere's disease is a disorder of the inner ear that causes episodes in which you feel as if you're spinning.
Once this idea was accepted, the name of Dr. Prosper Ménière began its long association with this inner ear disease and with inner ear balance disorders in general. balance disturbance dizziness, lightheadedness headache, increased ear pressure hearing loss or tinnitus increase sound sensitivity vague feeling of uneasiness.
In an exhaustive search for families with Meniere disease, Morrison (1995) identified 41 parent-child pairs with a mean 17.5-year difference in age at onset, favoring anticipation. In a population-based survey of 1,245 with Meniere disease, Requena et al. (2014) found that 431 (34%) reported a family history of hearing loss or recurrent vertigo, including 133 with possible Meniere disease.
As Meniere’s disease is thought to be caused by a problem with fluid in the inner ear, your doctor may prescribe a diuretic (a drug that causes increased urine output) to help reduce the amount of fluid. Your doctor can also inject medication into your inner ear by way of your middle ear to help reduce vertigo symptoms.
Major research on disease:
Long-term effects of the Meniett device in Ménière's disease.However, clinical reevaluation indicated definite Meniere disease in 93 relatives of 76 families.Gentamicin is an antibiotic that is injected to reduce the balance in your ear, so that your other ear takes on the balancing function. Injections ofsteroids may also help reduce vertigo.