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Meningococcal Disease

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  • Meningococcal Disease


    Neisseria meningitidis
    are spread from person to person through the exchange of respiratory and throat secretions during close  or lengthy contact, especially if living in the same household. The bacteria are not spread by casual contact or by simply breathing the air where a person with meningococcal disease has been.

  • Meningococcal Disease

    Disease pathophysiology:

    If a person gets meningococcal meningitis, the protective membranes covering their brain and spinal cord, known as the meninges, become infected and swell. This is characterized by a sudden onset of fever, headache, and stiff neck. It is often accompanied by other symptoms, such as Nausea Vomiting Photophobia (sensitivity to light) Altered mental status (confusion).

  • Meningococcal Disease

    Disease statistics:

    About 1 in 10 people who have meningococcal meningitis without septicaemia die. Of those who survive, some are left with some permanent damage such as brain injury or deafness. If septicaemia occurs then up to half of cases may die depending on how quickly treatment is given.

  • Meningococcal Disease

    Disease treatment:

    Early diagnosis and treatment are very important. If symptoms occur, the patient should see a doctor immediately. Meningococcal meningitis can be treated with a number of effective antibiotics. Antibiotic treatment should reduce the risk of dying, but sometimes the infection has caused too much damage to the body for antibiotics to prevent death or serious long-term problems.

  • Meningococcal Disease

    Major research on disease:

    The Health Burden of Invasive Meningococcal Disease is a Systematic Review.Meningococcus bacteria are spread through the exchange of respiratory and throat secretions like spit (e.g., by living in close quarters, kissing). Meningococcal disease can be treated with antibiotics, but quick medical attention is extremely important.

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