Non-polio enteroviruses infections are respiratory infections similar to cold spreads from person to person. Treatment of this infection is supportive, and no vaccine is available the treatment for enterovirus infections is mainly supportive and designed to reduce the symptoms caused by the various enterovirus types. A vaccine is available to prevent polio, but there are no vaccines available to prevent non-polio enterovirus infections. However, avoiding contact with infected individuals, using good hand washing techniques, and disinfecting items that contact infected individuals can reduce the chance of becoming infected.
If an infection occurs shortly before delivery of the baby, there is a chance that the mother may pass the infection to her baby. In most of these cases, the baby only develops a mild illness, but rare cases can lead to severe infection.