Occupational asthma is a lung disorder in which substances found in the workplace cause the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow. This leads to attacks of wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing. The most common triggers are wood dust, grain dust, animal dander, fungi, or chemicals. There are only a few population-based studies documenting the prevalence of occupational asthma in the general population. India has an estimated 15-20 million asthmatics.In India, rough estimates indicate a prevalence of between 10% and 15% in 5-11 year old children. The most common causes of occupational asthma continue to be isocyanates, and flour/grain (THORSWORD). Avoiding exposure to the substance that is causing your asthma is the best treatment.
Measures may include: Changing jobs (though this may be difficult to do), Moving to a different location at the work site where there is less exposure to the substance. Using a respiratory device to protect or reduce your exposure may help. Asthma medicines may help manage your symptoms. The International Conference on Health Care Delivery for Asthma, addressing the present status of asthma throughout the world, on how different countries were dealing with the worldwide epidemic of asthma, found that 10% of the citizens have access to the level of care proposed by the guidelines. The obstacles to asthma care in India are the costs of care and medications, the socioeconomic disparity within the country, use of multiple languages, cultural issues, and the common use of alternative remedies.