Ocular rosacea is a manifestation of rosacea that affects the eyes and eyelids. Signs and symptoms generally consist of redness, irritation or burning of the eyes. Affected individuals may also feel that there is something, such as an eyelash, in the eye and frequently have redness of the nose and cheeks as well. Approximately 20% of the patients in India eye findings may precede skin changes, making the diagnosis more challenging for both the ophthalmologist and the dermatologist.
The common ocular symptoms in rosacea were eye dryness (21.9%), eye strain (14.1%) and tearing (4.7%). Similarly, other studies have reported that the common symptoms were foreign body sensation, burning sensation and eye irritability accompanied by visible reddening of the conjunctivae. It is thought that meibomian gland impaction leads to decreased lipid in the tear film, greater tear evaporation and subsequent irritability of the eyes. Treatment of rosacea depends on the severity and type of rosacea present. Although rosacea's impact on physical health is limited, it has profound effects on a person's psychological well-being. Therefore, treating rosacea can greatly affect a person's quality of life. Although there are numerous treatments available, none of these is completely curative.