Orthostatic hypotension is an unusual lessening in circulatory strain when a man holds up. This may prompt blacking out. At the point when a man stands upright, a sure measure of blood regularly pools in the veins of the lower legs and legs. This pooling implies that there is somewhat less blood for the heart to pump and causes a drop in circulatory strain. For the most part, the body reacts to this drop so rapidly; a man is uninformed of the change. The cerebrum advises the veins to contract so they have less ability to convey blood, and in the meantime advises the heart to thump quicker and harder. It is not a genuine illness, but rather the powerlessness to control pulse rapidly.
When the cause of orthostatic hypotension is related to medication, it is often possible to treat it by reducing dosage or changing the prescription. If it is caused by low blood volume, an increase in fluid intake and retention will solve the problem. Medications designed to keep blood pressure from falling can be used when they will not interfere with other medical problems. When orthostatic hypotension cannot be treated, the symptoms can be significantly reduced by remembering to stand up slowly or by wearing elastic stockings. The study population included 80 healthy subjects above 60 years of age who attended the free camps for the aged and 80 healthy volunteers aged 30 to 50 years age. Orthostatic hypotension was defined as a decline of 20mm of Hg or more in systolic blood pressure or 10 mm of Hg or more in Diastolic blood pressure on assumption of upright posture within 3 to 5 minutes. The subjects in the age group 30 – 50 years were non diabetic, non-hypertensive, non-smokers, non-alcoholic, not on any medications and not suffering from any diseases. All subjects in the study satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethical Committee.