Occupational stress has been a long-standing concern of the health care industry. Studies indicate that health care workers have higher rates of substance abuse and suicide than other professions and elevated rates of depression and anxiety linked to job stress. In addition to psychological distress, other outcomes of job stress include burnout, absenteeism, employee intent to leave, reduced patient satisfaction, and diagnosis and treatment errors. The purpose of this brochure is to identify the sources of occupational stress, identify the adverse health effects of occupational stress, and recommend work practices to reduce occupational stress.
Beliefs about whether the institution provides high quality care may influence the perceived stress of job pressures and workload because higher quality care maybe reflected in greater support and availability of resources. In 2005, we estimated pneumococcal disease caused 136,000 deaths (46,000-253,000) comprising 10% of deaths in Indian children aged 1-59 months. The death rate for pneumococci was 106 per 100,000 (36-197), and more than two thirds of pneumococcal deaths were pneumonia-relate.
As a general rule, actions to reduce job stress should give top priority to organizational changes that improve working conditions. But even the most conscientious efforts to improve working conditions are unlikely to eliminate stress completely for all workers. For this reason, a combination of organizational change and stress management is often the most successful approach for reducing stress at work. Organizational Change Intervention, Team process, Multidisciplinary health care teams, Multicomponent interventions, Stress Management Intervention.