Squamous cell carcinoma and lymphoma are two types of cancer that affect the tonsils. Considered a form of oropharyngeal or oral cancer, tonsil cancer most commonly affects people over the age of 50, with alcohol and tobacco use as major risk factors for developing the disease, as well as viral causes.
Around 6,800 people (4,510 men and 2,257 women) were diagnosed with oral cancer in 2011 in the India (incidence 9 per 100,000).
After obtaining your health history and giving an examination, your physician will likely order a biopsy, fine needle aspiration, blood tests, sleep study, X-rays, an MRI and/or a PET scan to diagnose tonsil cancer. New techniques introduced to reduce complications, making Tonsil cancer a safer operation for more people than ever before. Further research is being conducted to determine the best surveillance interval to monitor these cysts.