Tourette syndrome (TS) is an inherited, neuropsychiatric disorder with onset in childhood, characterized by multiple physical (motor)tics and at least one vocal (phonic) tic. It usually starts between 2 and 15 years. 88% of patients with TS suffer other associated disorder like Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). TS is an inherited disorder and there is no known cause. Tourette’s is not properly studies across India. Across the world it is estimated that 1 in every 100 children is likely to be affected. It is 4-5 times more common in boys than in girls.
There is no cure for Tourette’s. Psychotherapy, Behavioral Therapy and Deep Brain Stimulation are sufficient for mild symptoms. The alpha2-adrenergic agonists (clonidine) may be effective at treating underlying ADHD symptoms, although CNS stimulants and atypical neuroleptics can be used concurrently. Surgery is useful in extreme cases when the patient does not respond to all other forms of therapy. Research is being done to use traditional Chinese medicine, homeopathy and acupuncture to prevent the occurrence of tics. The diagnosis of TS should be made early and patients must educated about the disease.