Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by the Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) parasite. It is one of the most common parasitic diseases and is known to affect nearly all warm-blooded animals and humans, but cats are the primary living host.Toxoplasmosis could cause a miscarriage or stillbirth, or the infection could spread to the baby and cause serious complications. (such as those who've had an organ transplant, those with HIV, and those having chemotherapy.
In case of severe disease, your cat may need to be hospitalized for emergency treatment. Fluids are given intravenously in cats with poor hydration. Antibiotics are given to control the infection and prevent further progression of the disease into the system.New research has found strains of the Toxoplasma parasite that are resistant to the body’s immune response. To avoid killing the host, the immune system shuts down, and this allows the parasite to replicate and leads to toxoplasmosis. The disease is commonly associated with HIV-AIDS patients and pregnant women.In the India, about 234,942,036 cases of Toxoplasmosis infection are reported in humans each year. Almost 18% of the India population is infected with Toxoplasmosis, a parasite of dogs and cats that can be passed from animals to humans.