Transposition of the great arteries is a serious but rare heart defect present at birth (congenital), in which the two main arteries leaving the heart are reversed (transposed). Transposition of the great arteries changes the way blood circulates through the body, leaving a shortage of oxygen in blood flowing from the heart to the rest of the body.
Without an adequate supply of oxygen-rich blood, the body can't function properly and your child faces serious complications or death without treatment. The baby will immediately receive a medicine called prostaglandin through an IV (intravenous line). This medicine helps keep a blood vessel called the the ductus arteriosus open, allowing some mixing of the two blood circulations. A procedure using a long, thin flexible tube (balloon atrial septostomy) may be needed to create a large hole in the atrial septum to allow blood to mix. CHDs affect nearly 29,367,754?births per year in the India. Further research is being conducted Glucocorticoid therapy for hypotension in the cardiac intensive care unit.