Type 2 diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder resulting from the body's inability to properly use or produce enough insulin. It’s a chronic disease with no known cure. Being overweight is closely tied to the development of type 2 diabetes. Overweight children have an increased likelihood of insulin problems. As the body struggles to regulate insulin, high blood sugar leads to a number of potentially serious health problems.
In general, kids with type 2 diabetes need to: eat a healthy, balanced diet and follow a meal plan, get regular exercise, take medications as prescribed, monitor blood sugar levels regularly. kids with type 2 diabetes switch to healthier habits is a key part of treatment. More than 80 percent of all children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes are overweight, and about 40 percent are clinically obese.Indeed, researchers suspect that increases in obesity among young people is driving the new epidemic.
T2DM in children is being increasingly reported from other Asian countries (e.g., Japan, Singapore, and Hong Kong) which are ahead of India in terms of economic developments (1,15). In Japan the incidence of T2DM in children increased over a 20-year period (6-12 years: 0.2/100,000/year in 1976 and 2.0/100,000/year in 1995; 12-15 years: 7.3/100,000/year in 1976 and 13.9/100,000/year in 1995)(15). This increase in incidence correlated with increased reported intake of animal protein and fat(15).