Vitamin Deficiency Anemia
Vitamin deficiency anemia is a lack of healthy red blood cells caused by lower than normal amounts of certain vitamins. Vitamins linked to vitamin deficiency anemia include folate, vitamin B-12 and vitamin C. Vitamin deficiency anemia can occur if you don't eat enough folate, vitamin B-12 or vitamin C. Or vitamin deficiency anemia can occur if your body has trouble absorbing or processing these vitamins.
Disease statistics: Prevalence of anaemia in all the groups is higher in India as compared to other developing countries. In India, anaemia affects an estimated 50% of the population. The problem becomes more severe as more women are affected with it as compared to men. It is estimated that about 20%-40% of maternal deaths in India are due to anaemia and One in every two Indian women (56%) suffers from some form of anaemia. According to National consultation on control of nutritional anemia in India and, anemia is defined as the hemoglobin of less than 12 g/dl in females.
Treatment for vitamin deficiency anemia includes supplements and changes in diet:
• Vitamin deficiency anemia: Treatment involves eating a healthy diet and taking folic acid supplements as prescribed by your doctor. In most cases, folic acid supplements are taken orally. Once your body's level of folate increases to normal, you may be able to stop taking the supplements. But if the cause of your folate deficiency can't be corrected, you may need to take folic acid supplements indefinitely.
The Government of India has initiated several supplementary nutrition programmes at the central and state level, to improve the nutritional status of the people and eradicate anaemia.