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Vulvar cancer is a sporadic type of cancer which forms in a woman's external genitals, called the vulva. The cancer habitually grows slowly over several years. Firstly, precancerous cells grow on vulvar skin. This is called vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), or dysplasia. Not all VIN cases turn into cancer, but it is best to treat it early. There are different types of vulvar cancer i.e Squamous cell carcinomas, Adenocarcinoma, Melanoma, Sarcoma, Basal cell carcinoma.
Disease Statistics: Leading cause of cancer deaths in women aged 15 to 44 years in India is because of vulvar cancer. Which accounts for about 5% of cancers of the female reproductive organs and 1.2% of all cancers in women. In India, women have a 1 in 423 chance of developing vulvar cancer at some point during their life. As per the survey of All India Institute of Medical in the India regarding the Vulvar cancer:
• Approximately 2,150 cancers of the vulva will be diagnosed
Treatment: Depending on the nature and stage of the vulvar cancer, a person may need one type of treatment. The 3 main types of treatment used for patients with vulvar cancer are
• Surgery can be Laser surgery, Excision, Vulvectomy
• Radiation therapy
Research: Researcher at All India Institute of Medical study for the ethical and safety reasons, experimental treatments must be tested in the laboratory before they can be tried in patients. Sentinel lymph node mapping, Ultrasound scan of the groin, HPV tests, HPV vaccines, Anti viral creams and gels for VIN, Photodynamic therapy.