alexa Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medicine - Open Access Journals
ISSN: 2576-1420

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medicine
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About the Journal

NLM ID: 101710380

ISSN: 2576-1420

Infectious Diseases are for the most part brought about by infections, microbes, growths and protozoan parasites. Huge numbers of the irresistible infections are infectious and transmissible.They are pandemic and life debilitating if untreated. Legitimate conclusion and treatment ought to be embraced for counteractive action and transmission of diseases. As of now research is going on new pharmaceuticals and new target proteins for viable treatment.

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medicine focuses on parasitic, bacterial, viral and fungal infections. Articles on infectious diseases, new approaches for treatment of infectious diseases, etiology, epidemiology, diagnostic tests of infectious diseases, pathophysiology. Clinical trials, immunological role of host in response to pathogen in infected organism, preventive measures and case reports are also welcome. This scientific journal is using Editorial Manager System for maintaining quality in peer review process. Review processing is performed by the editorial board members of Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology or by outside experts. Minimum two independent reviewer’s approval followed by editor approval is mandatory for acceptance of any manuscript.

Medicine

Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Medicine encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness. Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics, and medical technology to diagnose, treat, and prevent injury and disease, typically through pharmaceuticals or surgery, but also through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy, external splints and traction, medical devices, biologics, and ionizing radiation, amongst others.

Tropical disease

Tropical diseases are diseases that are prevalent in or unique to tropical and subtropical regions.[1] The diseases are less prevalent in temperate climates, due in part to the occurrence of a cold season, which controls the insect population by forcing hibernation. Insects such as mosquitoes and flies are by far the most common disease carrier, or vector. These insects may carry a parasite, bacterium or virus that is infectious to humans and animals. Most often disease is transmitted by an insect "bite", which causes transmission of the infectious agent through subcutaneous blood exchange. Vaccines are not available for most of the diseases listed here, and many do not have cures. Human exploration of tropical rainforests, deforestation, rising immigration and increased international air travel and other tourism to tropical regions has led to an increased incidence of such diseases.

Zika fever

Zika fever, also known as Zika virus disease or simply Zika, is an infectious disease caused by the Zika virus. Most cases have no symptoms, but when present they are usually mild and can resemble dengue fever. Symptoms may include fever, red eyes, joint pain, headache, and a maculopapular rash. Symptoms generally last less than seven days. It has not caused any reported deaths during the initial infection. Mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy can cause microcephaly and other brain malformations in some babies. Infections in adults have been linked to Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS). Prevention involves decreasing mosquito bites in areas where the disease occurs and proper use of condoms. Efforts to prevent bites include the use of insect repellent, covering much of the body with clothing, mosquito nets, and getting rid of standing water where mosquitoes reproduce. There is no effective vaccine. The pathophysiology of Zika-induced microcephaly is not known and was a subject of active research as of the end of 2016.

Oncovirus

An oncovirus is a virus that can cause cancer. This term originated from studies of acutely transforming retroviruses in the 1950–60s, often called oncornaviruses to denote their RNA virus origin. It now refers to any virus with a DNA or RNA genome causing cancer and is synonymous with "tumor virus" or "cancer virus". The vast majority of human and animal viruses do not cause cancer, probably because of longstanding co-evolution between the virus and its host.

Neuroinfections

Infectious diseases of the nervous system are among the most common forms of neurological disorders, their percentage in the structure of general pathology of the nervous system is about 40%. In recent years capabilities of the diagnostics of neuroinfections have greatly improved. There are acute (meningitis, encephalitis), subacute and chronic lingering (arachnoiditis, arahnoentsefality) infections of the central nervous system. According to the etiological factor (cause illness) we distinguish viral, bacterial, fungal, and protozoal (eg Toxoplasmosis) brain damage. All acute infections of the central nervous system (meningitis, encephalitis) are urgent and the sick must be immediately taken to hospital. That’s why if a patient has a set of disturbing symptoms such as suddenly emerged fever, headache, vomiting, photophobia, seizures, and especially if the day before he suffered from severe cold or other infections, this is a reason to consult a doctor immediately or to call the team of "first aid ". In the hospital, the patient usually undergoes lumbar puncture so that doctors could study the CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) for inflammatory changes and determination of viral and bacterial agents, and MRI of the brain. From the results of the study a doctor determines the tactic of treatment of the patient. The chronic lingering neuroinfection flows most often in the form of arachnoiditis or arahnoentsefalita, and often has a viral etiology. They manifest themselves in persistent headache, subfebrile temperature, severe sweating and general weakness, chronic fatigue, double vision, unsteadiness when walking, nausea and vomiting in the morning. Infection of the central nervous system is necessarily confirmed by the occurrence on MRI detection of inflammatory changes in the brain or the membranes, signs of intracranial hypertension in the fundus, as well as specific immunological parameters of blood. A very important is the identification of the causative agent of infectious diseases of the brain. For this purpose, the study of blood content of immunoglobulins (antibodies) to the main pathogens neuroinfections is applied: virus of herpes simplex of types 1 and 2, cytomegalovirus, varicella zoster, Epstein-Barr virus, toxoplasma, and so on. (So-called TORCH infections group). Due to the development and introduction into clinical practice of powerful antiviral and antibacterial drugs and immunoglobulins the quality of care of patients with inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system significantly improved. The neurologist of the ambulatory practice often deals with chronic indolent viral neuroinfections and effects of the previously acute neuroinfections. Residual phenomena of neuroinfections often manifest themselves in hypertension syndrome varying in degrees of severity (increased intracranial pressure), as well as in asthenic-vegetative syndrome, which greatly reduces the ability to work and quality of life. The presence of prolonged subfebrile temperatures combined with persistent headaches and nausea, seizures of unknown origin is a reason to address the neurologist and examine yourself on neuroinfection.

Antibiotics

Antibiotics also called antibacterials, are a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections. They may either kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria. A limited number of antibiotics also possess antiprotozoal activity. Antibiotics are not effective against viruses such as the common cold or influenza; drugs which inhibit viruses are termed antiviral drugs or antivirals rather than antibiotics. Antibiotics revolutionized medicine in the 20th century. Antibiotics are used to treat or prevent infections. There are different routes of administration for antibiotic treatment. Antibiotics are usually taken by mouth. In more severe cases, particularly deep-seated systemic infections, antibiotics can be given intravenously or by injection.Antibiotics are screened for any negative effects before their approval for clinical use, and are usually considered safe and well tolerated. However, some antibiotics have been associated with a wide extent of adverse side effects ranging from mild to very severe depending on the type of antibiotic used, the microbes targeted, and the individual patient.

Emergency medicine

Emergency medicine, also known as accident and emergency medicine, is the medical specialty concerned with caring for undifferentiated patients with illnesses or injuries requiring immediate medical attention. In their role as first-line providers, emergency physicians are responsible for initiating resuscitation and stabilization, starting investigations and interventions to diagnose and treat illnesses in the acute phase, coordinating care with specialists, and determining disposition regarding patients' need for hospital admission, observation, or discharge. Emergency Medicine is a primary, or first-contact point of care for patients requiring the use of the health care system. Specialists in Emergency Medicine are required to possess specialist skills in acute illness diagnosis and resuscitation. Emergency physician are responsible for providing immediate recognition, evaluation, care, stabilization, to \adult and pediatric patients in response to acute illness and injury.

Preventive Medicine

Preventive Medicine is a global intellectual journal that encourages prompt publication of original articles on the science and practice of disease hindrance, health promotion, and public health policymaking. Preventive medicine aims to reward innovation. It will favor perceptive empiric studies, thoughtful explorations of health knowledge, and unsuspected new angles for existing hypotheses, study randomised controlled trials, and impartial systematic reviews.

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is the treatment of disease by inducing, enhancing, or suppressing an immune response. Immunotherapy is used to treat allergies. While allergy treatments (such as antihistamines or corticosteroids) treat allergic symptoms, immunotherapy can reduce sensitivity to allergens, lessening its severity. Antimicrobial immunotherapy, which includes vaccination, involves activating the immune system to respond to an infectious agent.

Vaccines

A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one of its surface proteins. Administration of vaccines is called vaccination.Vaccination is the most effective method of preventing infectious diseases; widespread immunity due to vaccination is largely responsible for the worldwide eradication of smallpox and the restriction of diseases such as polio, measles, and tetanus from much of the world.

Infectious Medicine

Infectious Disease, also known as infectious diseases, infectious medicine, infectious disease medicine or infectiology, is a medical specialty dealing with the diagnosis, control and treatment of infections. An infectious disease (ID) specialist's practice may consist largely of managing nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infections, or it may be out-patient based. Infectious Diseases specialists employ a variety of antimicrobial agents to help treat infections. The type of agent used depends on the organism that is causing the infection. Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections; antiviral agents treat viral infections ; and antifungal agents treat fungal infections.

Antivirals

Antiviral drugs are a class of medication used specifically for treating viral infections. Like antibiotics, specific antivirals are used for specific viruses. They are relatively harmless to the host and therefore can be used to treat infections. They should be distinguished from viricides, which actively deactivate virus particles outside the body. Many antiviral drugs are designed to treat infections by retroviruses, mostly HIV. Important antiretroviral drugs include the class of protease inhibitors. Herpes viruses, best known for causing cold sores and genital herpes, are usually treated with the nucleoside analogue acyclovir. Viral hepatitis is caused by five unrelated hepatotropic viruses (A-E) and can be treated with antiviral drugs depending on the type of infection. influenza A and B viruses have become resistant to neuraminidase inhibitors such as oseltamivir and the search for new substances is on.

Antimicrobials

Antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms or stops their growth. Antimicrobial medicines can be grouped according to the microorganisms they act primarily against. Antimicrobial agents are disinfectants ("nonselective antimicrobials" such as bleach), which kill a wide range of microbes on non-living surfaces to prevent the spread of illness, antiseptics (which are applied to living tissue and help reduce infection during surgery), and antibiotics (which destroy microorganisms within the body).

HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an enveloped virus, belonging to the viral family Retroviridae. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). HIV infection occurs by transfer of blood, pre-ejaculate, semen, vaginal fluids, or breast milk. Within these bodily fluids, HIV is present as both free virus particles and virus within infected immune cells.

Ebola Virus Disease

Ebola virus disease (EVD), also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) or simply Ebola, is a viral hemorrhagic fever of humans and other primates caused by ebolaviruses. The virus spreads by direct contact with body fluids, such as blood, of an infected human or other animals.Control of outbreaks requires coordinated medical services, alongside a certain level of community engagement. The medical services include rapid detection of cases of disease, contact tracing of those who have come into contact with infected individuals, quick access to laboratory services, proper healthcare for those who are infected, and proper disposal of the dead through cremation or burial.

Infection Control

Infection control addresses factors related to the spread of infections within the healthcare setting (whether patient-to-patient, from patients to staff and from staff to patients, or among-staff), including prevention (via hand hygiene/hand washing, cleaning/disinfection/sterilization, vaccination, surveillance), monitoring/investigation of demonstrated or suspected spread of infection within a particular health-care setting (surveillance and outbreak investigation), and management (interruption of outbreaks). It is on this basis that the common title being adopted within health care is "infection prevention and control."

Airborne Diseases

Airborne disease is any disease that caused by pathogens and transmitted through the air. The pathogens transmitted may be any kind of microbe, and may spread in aerosols, dust or liquids.The aerosols might generate from sources of infection such as the bodily secretions of an infected animal or person, or biological wastes such as accumulate in lofts, caves, garbage etc. Airborne pathogens or allergens often cause inflammation in nose, throat, sinuses and lungs. Inhalation of these pathogens that affect a person's respiratory system or even the rest of the body. Airborne diseases can also affect non-humans. Airborne disease caused by exposure to a source: an infected patient or animal, by being transferred from the infected person or animal’s mouth, nose, cut, or needle puncture. Environmental factors influence the efficacy of airborne disease transmission; the most evident environmental conditions are temperature and relative humidity.

Seasonal Influenza

Influenza is a viral disease that influences predominantly the nose, throat, bronchi and, once in a while, lungs. Contamination for the most part goes on for around a week, and is portrayed by sudden onset of high fever, hurting muscles, migraine and extreme disquietude, non-profitable hack, sore throat and rhinitis. The infection is transmitted effectively from individual to individual by means of bdroplets and little particles delivered when contaminated individuals cough. Infleunza tends to spread quickly in occasional pandemics.

Related Journals of Influenza

Bacteriology Journal, Clinical Infectious Disease Journal, Immunology Journal, Neuroinfectious Disease Journal, Pathology Journal, Influenza and other Respiratory Viruses, Emerging Microbes and Infections, Surgical Infections, Viruses.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a virus that infects the liver. Most adults who get it have it for a short time and then get better. This is called acute hepatitis B. Sometimes the virus causes a long-term infection, called chronic hepatitis B.

Over time, it can damage your liver. Babies and young children infected with the virus are more likely to get chronic Hepatitis B. Hepatitis has a broad spectrum of presentations that range from a complete lack of symptoms to severe liver failure. The acute form of hepatitis, generally caused by viral infection, is characterized by constitutional symptoms that are typically self-limiting. Chronic hepatitis presents similarly, but can manifest signs and symptoms specific to liver dysfunction with long-standing inflammation and damage to the organ.

Related Journals of Hepatitis B

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, Epidemiology: Open Access, Journal of Liver, Journal of Viral Hepatitis, Hepatitis Monthly, Viral Hepatitis Reviews, Current Hepatitis Reports, Hepatitis B Annual.

Rotavirus

Rotavirus is an infection that causes looseness of the bowels, for the most part in infants and young children. The looseness of the bowels can be serious, and lead to lack of hydration. Retching and fever are likewise normal in children with rotavirus. Rotavirus is the most widely recognized reason for serious regurgitating and looseness of the bowels among newborn children and young children. It is a class of twofold stranded RNA infection in the family Reoviridae. Almost every young children on the planet has been contaminated with rotavirus in any event once by the age of five. Insusceptibility creates with every disease, so consequent contaminations are less extreme; grown-ups are once in a while influenced. There are eight types of this infection, alluded to as A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H. Rotavirus A, the most well-known species, causes more than 90% of rotavirus contaminations in people.

Related Journals of Rota Virus

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Diagnosis, Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research, Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, Tropical Medicine & Surgery, Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy, AIDS, AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, International Journal of STD and AIDS, AIDS Patient Care and STDs, AIDS Research and Therapy.

Encephalitis

Encephalitis can cause flu-like symptoms, such as a fever or severe headache. It can also cause confused thinking, seizures, or problems with senses or movement. However, many cases of encephalitis result in only mild flu-like symptoms or even no symptoms. Severe cases of encephalitis, while relatively rare, can be life-threatening. Because the course of any single case of encephalitis can be unpredictable, it's important to get a timely diagnosis and treatment.

Related Journals of Encephalitis

Bacteriology Journal, Clinical Infectious Disease Journal, Immunology Journal, Neuroinfectious Disease Journal, Pathology Journal, Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal of Infection, Virus Research, Virology.

Diphtheria

Diphtheria is an infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Signs and symptoms may vary from mild to severe. They usually start two to five days after exposure. Symptoms often come on fairly gradually beginning with a sore throat and fever. In severe cases a grey or white patch develops in the throat. This can block the airway and create a barking cough as in croup. The neck may swell in part due to large lymph nodes. A form of diphtheria that involves the skin, eyes, or genitals also exist.

Related Journals of Diphtheria

Journal of Ancient Diseases & Preventive Remedies, Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology, Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology, Internal Medicine Journal, Journal of Bacteriology, Corynebacterium Diphtheriae and Related Toxigenic Species, The American Journal of Medicine, The Journal of Pediatrics.

Sinusitis

Sinusitis is an inflammation, or swelling, of the tissue lining the sinuses. Normally, sinuses are filled with air, but when sinuses become blocked and filled with fluid, germs (bacteria, viruses, and fungi) can grow and cause an infection.

Related Journals of Sinusitis

Pediatrics & Therapeutics, Journal of Liver, Journal of Medical Diagnostic Methods, Tropical Medicine & Surgery, The Journal of Headache and Pain, Journal of Pharmacy Practice, Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, International Journal of Otolaryngology.


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