Arteriosclerosis occurs when the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients from your heart to the rest of your body (arteries) become thick and stiff, sometimes restricting blood flow to your organs and tissues. Healthy arteries are flexible and elastic, but over time, the walls in your arteries can harden, a condition commonly called hardening of the arteries.
Atherosclerosis develops gradually. Mild atherosclerosis usually doesn't have any symptoms.You usually won't have atherosclerosis symptoms until an artery is so narrowed or clogged that it can't supply adequate blood to your organs and tissues. Sometimes a blood clot completely blocks blood flow, or even breaks apart and can trigger a heart attack or stroke. If you think you have atherosclerosis, talk to your doctor. Also pay attention to early symptoms of inadequate blood flow, such as chest pain (angina), leg pain or numbness. Early diagnosis and treatment can stop atherosclerosis from worsening and prevent a heart attack, stroke or another medical emergency.
Lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet and exercising, are often the best treatment for atherosclerosis. Sometimes, medication or surgical procedures may be recommended as well.Various drugs can slow or even reverse, the effects of atherosclerosis. Here are some common choices: Cholesterol medications, Anti-platelet medications, Beta blocker medications, Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, Calcium channel blockers. The Statistics of the extrapolate prevalence of Atherosclerosis in Belgium is 175,920 in an total estimated population of 10,348,276.