Bacterial Meningitis is a disease refers to any illness that is caused by the type of bacteria called Neisseria meningitidis, also known as meningococcus. These illnesses are often severe and include infections of the lining of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) and bloodstream infections (bacteremia or septicemia). Bacterial Meningitis are spread through the exchange of respiratory and throat secretions like spit (e.g., by living in close quarters, kissing). Bacterial Meningitis can be treated with antibiotics, but quick medical attention is extremely important. Keeping up to date with recommended vaccines is the best defense against meningococcal disease.
Symptoms of Bacterial Meningitis are usually sudden onset of fever, headache, and stiff neck. It can start with symptoms similar to influenza (flu) and can often also cause nausea, vomiting, increased sensitivity to light, rash and confusion. Even when it is treated, Bacterial Meningitis kills 10 to 15 infected people out of 100. And of those who survive, about 10 to 20 out of every 100 will suffer disabilities such as hearing loss, brain damage, amputations, nervous system problems, or severe scars from skin grafts. In Ireland according to statistics from 81.3% population, 0.67% is suffering by diseases and people death rate due to Bacterial Meningitis is about 0.17%.
Reasons behind this disease Infants less than one year old, Adolescents and young adults 16 through 23 years old, People with certain medical conditions that affect the immune system, Microbiologists who routinely work with isolates of N. meningitides, People at risk because of an outbreak in their community.