Bladder cancer is any of several types of cancer arising from the epithelial lining of the urinary bladder, a balloon-shaped organ in your pelvic area that stores urine. Tobacco smoking is the main known contributor to urinary bladder cancer. Carcinogens such as nitrosamines are concentrated and excreted in the urine, thereby exposing them to the cells lining the urinary tract. This exposure is prolonged in the bladder (where 95% of urothelial carcinomas arise) but malignant transformation can arise anywhere in the urinary tract, from the renal calyx to the urethral meatus. Bladder cancer can be treated by surgery by removing tumor, tumor and a small portion of the bladder, biological therapy, removing the entire bladder, Chemotherapy, radiation therapy. Bladder cancer is the eighth most common malignant cancer in Ireland, accounting for 3.5% of all malignant neoplasia, 4.7% in males and 2.0% in females (table 10.1).
Symptoms: The presence of large numbers of abnormal cells in the bone marrow can inhibit the marrow from producing normal healthy blood cells. Symptoms caused by bone marrow failure include paleness, tiredness, shortness of breath, excessive bleeding, and increased susceptibility to infections. Cancer cells can also infiltrate organs such as the lymph nodes, spleen, and liver leading to swelling.
Treatment: Herbal deals in leukemia/blood cancer cure: Certain herbs, at least two varieties of herbs known by the names of 'Garcinia Mangostana' and 'xanothenes' have been found to be effective with respect of leukemia. The herbs and compounds based on them have reflected intrinsic potential of growth inhibiting features.
Statistics: Each year, approximately 331 men and 132 women are diagnosed with a bladder tumour. Incidence rates fell between 1994 and 2003 by 1.3% and 2.4% per annum in women and men respectively. It is a disease of older people, in which 58% of women and 57% of men are aged over 70 at diagnosis, while only around 6-8% of cases present in those aged under 50. The distributions in both men and women are similar.