Body dysmorphic disorder is a type of chronic mental illness in which you can't stop thinking about a flaw in your appearance — a flaw that is either minor or imagined. But to you, your appearance seems so shameful that you don't want to be seen by anyone. The causes of BDD are unclear, but certain biological and environmental factors may contribute to its development, including genetic predisposition, neurobiological factors such as malfunctioning of serotonin in the brain, personality traits, and life experiences.
It has been estimated that approximately 1% of the European population suffers from clinically relevant Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD/BDD) (Wittchen and Jacobi, 2005). Assuming the population of Ireland and Wales to be approximately 48 million adults, then 480,000 individuals may require treatment for OCD.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Exposure Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), Interpersonal Therapy (IPT), Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR).
Katharine A. Phillips, M.D., is internationally renowned for her clinical expertise and her pioneering medical research on body dysmorphic disorder (BDD).