Cellulitis is a common infection of the skin and the soft tissues underneath. It happens when bacteria enter a break in the skin and spread. The result is infection, which may cause swelling, redness, pain, or warmth. You’re at risk if you have: Trauma to the skin Diabetes Circulatory problems, such as not enough blood flow to your arms and legs, poor drainage of your veins or lymphatic system, or varicose veins -- twisted, enlarged veins near the surface of the skin Liver disease such as chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis Skin disorders such as eczema, psoriasis, or infectious diseases that cause sores, such as chickenpox
Injuries that tear the skin Infections after surgery Long-term skin conditions such as eczema or psoriasis Foreign objects in the skin Bone infections underneath the skin. (An example is a long-standing, open wound that is deep enough to expose the bone to bacteria.)
High fever or chills Nausea and vomiting Enlarging or hardening of the reddened area Increased pain Numbness of the area when touched Other medical problems that may be affected by even a minor infection
Forty patients were male (67.8%) and the mean age (which was normally distributed) was 50.9 years. Female patients were significantly older than males (mean = 60.9 versus 46.2 yrs; p = 0.019). The majority of cases affected the lower limb (n=39, 71.3%). Overall, 27 (45.8%) patients were discharged on oral antibiotic treatment and 32 (54.2%) received IV antibiotic treatment.