alexa Dissociative disorders | Ireland | PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Dissociative Disorders

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  • Dissociative disorders

    Dissociative disorders are characterized by an involuntary escape from reality characterized by a disconnection between thoughts, identity, consciousness and memory. People from all age groups and racial, ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds can experience a dissociative disorder. Since the 1980s, the concept of dissociative disorders has taken on a new significance. They now receive a large amount of theoretical and clinical attention from persons in the fields of psychiatry and psychology. Dissociative disorders are a group of psychiatric syndromes characterized by disruptions of aspects of consciousness, identity, memory, motor behavior, or environmental awareness. The Dissociative disorders generally involves anxiety, memory loss,perceptions etc. Dissociative disorders are thought to primarily be caused by psychological trauma.The dissociative disorders can be classified as follows:

    • Multiple personality disorder

    • Psychogenic amnesia

    • Psychogenic fugue

    • Dissociative amnesia

  • Dissociative disorders

    The symptoms of dissociative disorders are as follows:

    • Significant memory loss of specific times, people and events

    • Out-of-body experiences, such as feeling as though you are watching a movie of yourself

    • Mental health problems such as depression, anxiety and thoughts of suicide

    • A sense of detachment from your emotions, or emotional numbness

    • A lack of a sense of self-identity T

  • Dissociative disorders

    The symptoms of dissociative disorders depend on the type of disorder that has been diagnosed.

    Doctors diagnose dissociative disorders based on a review of symptoms and personal history. A doctor may perform tests to rule out physical conditions that can cause symptoms such as memory loss and a sense of unreality (for example, head injury, brain lesions or tumors, sleep deprivation or intoxication). If physical causes are ruled out, a mental health specialist is often consulted to make an evaluation. Many features of dissociative disorders can be influenced by a person’s cultural background. Dissociative disorders are managed through various therapies including:

    a) Psychotherapies or Cognitive behavioral therapy

    b) Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing

    c) Medications such as antidepressants

    Its estimated that 2% of people experience dissociative disorders, with women being more likely than men to be diagnosed. Almost half of adults in Ireland experience at least one depersonalization/derealization episode in their lives, with only 2% meeting the full criteria for chronic episodes.

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