Dry eyes | Ireland| PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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  • Dry eyes

    Dry eye syndrome usually occurs due to inadequate tear production and inadequate functioning of tear glands which inturn results in unstable tear film and ocular surface disorder . Dry eye is the disorder of tear film due to tear deficiency or excessive tear evaporation which causes damage to the inter palpebral ocular surface and is associated with symptoms of ocular discomfort . Dry eye syndrome can be classified as follows:

    a)Tear Deficient dry eye

    b)Tear Sufficient dry eye

  • Dry eyes

    The general symptoms of dry eye syndrome are:

    • Burning and itching

    • Fluctuating vision

    • Foreign body sensation

    • Grittiness

    • Sore or tired eyes

    • Ocular discharge

    • Watering of eyes

    • Light sensitivity

  • Dry eyes

    The diagnosis for the syndrome is usually done using the following tests:

    a)Slit lamp examination b

    )Demonstration of ocular surface damage

    c)Demonstration of tear instability

    d) Demonstration of tear hyper osmolarity

    The syndrome is treated using the following:

    • Artificial tear solutions

    • Artificial tear inserts


    • Mucolytic agents

    • Punctual occlusion

    • Bandage contact lens

    • Moisture chambers

    DES is a very common in the Ireland, affecting a significant percentage (approximately 10-30%) of the population, especially those older than 40 years; an estimated 3.23 million women and 1.68 million men aged 50 years and older are affected. As a consequence of the demographic pressure created by an aging population, MGD is expected to increase in prevalence and thus to impose a growing burden on ophthalmologic practices. Development of thoughtful, effective strategies that involve the underlying mechanism of MGD is critical to the effective, patient-satisfying functioning of every ophthalmologist’s practice.The reported frequency of dry eye in other countries closely parallels that in the Ireland.

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