Dwarfism is a condition which is characterized by short stature. There are two main categories of dwarfism : disproportionate and proportionate. Disproportionate dwarfism is characterized by an average-size torso and shorter arms and legs or a shortened trunk with longer limbs. In proportionate dwarfism, the body parts are in proportion but shortened.It is also known as achondroplasia. Dwarfism can be caused by any of more than 200 conditions. Causes of proportionate dwarfism include metabolic and hormonal disorders such as growth hormone deficiencyThe most common types of dwarfism, known as skeletal dysplasias, are genetic. Skeletal dysplasias are conditions of abnormal bone growth that cause disproportionate dwarfism.
The most common cause of dwarfism is a disorder called achondroplasia, which causes disproportionately short stature.
This disorder usually results in the some of the following:
• Short arms and legs, with particularly short upper arms and upper legs
• Short fingers, often with a wide separation between the middle and ring fingers
Dwarfism treatments doesn’t increase the size of the individual but can reduce the level of complications.Surgical procedures may correct some bone deformitites such as limb-lengthening. The growth hormone deficiency is treated through injections.General medical examination and scan reports help to observe the signs of dwarfism.