Dysphagia is the condition of difficulty in swallowing.It usually occurs due to problems in throat or esophagus. Although dysphagia can happen to anyone, it is most common in older adults, babies, and people who have problems of the brain or nervous system. There are many different problems that can prevent the throat esophagus from working properly. Some of these are minor, and others are more serious. Normally, the muscles in your throat and esophagus squeeze, or contract, to move food and liquids from your mouth to your stomach without problems. The disease is caused due to brain stroke,post-polio syndrome,immune system problems,esophageal spasms,Scleroderma etc.
The general symptoms of the disease includes the following:
• Pain during swallowing
• Difficulty in swallowing
• Having frequent heartburn
The diagnosis for the disease is done through examination of head and neck, inspection of oral cavity,oropharynx examination,by performing nasolaryngoscopy etc.Also chest cardiograph and CT scans are taken if necessary.Some surgical procedures are designed for treating this disorder such as:
Neurologic swallowing disorders are encountered more frequently in rehabilitation medicine than in most other medical specialties. Stroke is the leading cause of neurologic dysphagia, with the condition occurring in approximately 51-73% of patients with stroke. Dysphagia can delay functional recovery in patients with stroke and is also the most significant risk factor for the development of pneumonia in this population. The prevalence of dysphagia increases with age, and dysphagia is a major health care problem in elderly patients.