The term heart disease is often interchanged with the term cardiovascular disease. It generally refers to the conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. By controlling high blood pressure, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet and by maintaining low cholesterol levels heart diseases can be prevented.
Diagnosis and symptoms include cardiac catherization, cardiac MRI, picturing the heart, a CT scan, a coronary angiography, stress testing, echocardiography, nuclear heart scan, etc. Treatment for heart valve problems include medications, heart valve surgery and for heart attack medications like clot busters should be administered as soon as possible, coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
Six out of ten Irish adults aged 45 years and over, have elevated blood pressure. The vast majority were either not on treatments or the treatment was not adequate to control the condition. Eight out of ten Irish adults aged 45 years and over had raised cholesterol. Most of these (62%) were not on treatment, and for 20% of those who were, the treatment was inadequate. One in three Irish adults aged 45 years and over, was obese.