Hepatitis A :Hepatitis A is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus. The virus is primarily spread when an uninfected (and unvaccinated) person ingests food or water that is contaminated with the faeces of an infected person.Symptoms: The incubation period of hepatitis A is usually 14–28 days. Symptoms of hepatitis A range from mild to severe, and can include fever, malaise, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, nausea, abdominal discomfort, and dark-coloured urine and jaundice (a yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes).
Causes :Hepatitis A usually get it when you eat or drink something that's got the virus in it. It's the least risky type because it almost always gets better on its own. It doesn't lead to long-term inflammation of your liver. Diagnosis : Hepatitis A is not clinically distinguishable from other types of acute viral hepatitis. Specific diagnosis is made by the detection of HAV-specific IgM and IgG antibodies in the blood. Additional tests include reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to detect the hepatitis A virus RNA, but may require specialised laboratory facilities.
Treatment : Therapy is aimed at maintaining comfort and adequate nutritional balance, including replacement of fluids that are lost from vomiting and diarrhoea.
Statistics:In Ireland the total cases reported in 2012 was 30 and out of which total 28 were confirmed with disease, the rate of epidemiology was found to be0.61%. In 2011 the total cases reported was 18 the rate of epidemiology was found to be0.39%,and in 2010 was40, the rate of epidemiology was found to be0.9%,, 2009 was 49, the rate of epidemiology was found to be1.1%, and in 2008 it was 41, the rate of epidemiology was found to be0.92%.