Mesenteric ischemia, also known as mesenteric vascular disease, is a medical condition in which injury of the small intestineoccurs due to not enough blood supply. It can come on suddenly, known as acute mesenteric ischemia, or gradually, known as chronic mesenteric ischemia. Acute disease often presents with sudden severe pain.
Symptoms may come on more slowly in those with acute on chronic disease. Signs and symptoms of chronic disease include abdominal pain after eating, unintentional weight loss, vomiting, and being afraid of eating. There are four mechanisms by which poor blood flow occurs: a blood clot from elsewhere getting lodged in an artery, a new blood clot forming in an artery, a blood clot forming in the mesenteric vein, and insufficient blood flow due to low blood pressureor spasms of arteries.
NG tube decompression, angiogram for diagnosis and treatment, heparin anticoagulation. Papaverine to decrease arterial vasospasm. "Surgical revascularisation remains the treatment of choice for mesenteric ischaemia, but thrombolytic medical treatment and vascular interventional radiological techniques have a growing role".
A retrospective study of 95 consecutive patients treated for 97 AMI events between 2009 and 2013 was carried out. The etiology of AMI was embolism in 24 (25%), atherosclerotic vascular disease (ASVD) in 39 (40%), non-obstructive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) in 25 (26%), and mesenteric venous thrombosis (MVT) in nine (9%) cases.