A muscle cramp is also known as charley horse. It is a strong, painful contraction of legs or that comes on suddenly and lasts from a few seconds. It often occurs in the legs. The causes of muscle cramps are because of decreased amounts of minerals like calcium and magnesium, especially in the later months of pregnancy and Exposure to cold temperatures. Quinine is very effective in preventing muscle cramps.
A total 384 women and 123 pregnant women were excluded from the study as they were multiparous and had already existing musculoskeletal dysfunctions prior to pregnancy. The remaining 261 pregnant women who participated in the study were primiparous women. The mean age group of the pregnant women was years 27.1+SD (Mean ± SD).