The skin is the body’s largest organ. It covers your whole body and protects it from injury, infection and ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun. The skin helps control your body temperature and gets rid of waste materials through the sweat glands. The skin has 2 main layers. The top layer, on the surface of the body, is called the epidermis. The dermis is below the epidermis. It has nerves, blood vessels, sweat glands, oil (sebaceous) glands and hair follicles. Non-melanoma skin cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in Ireland, accounting for 27% of all malignant neoplasia. Each year, approximately 2,615 men and 2,330 women are diagnosed with a non-melanoma skin cancer. Non-melanoma skin cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in Ireland, accounting for 27% of all malignant neoplasia. Each year, approximately 2,615 men and 2,330 women are diagnosed with a non-melanoma skin cancer.
Many clinical trials are focused on new treatments, evaluating whether a new treatment is safe, effective, and possibly better than the current treatment. These types of studies evaluate new drugs, different combinations of existing treatments, new approaches to radiation therapy or surgery, and new methods of treatment. Patients who participate in clinical trials are often among the first to receive new treatments before they are widely available. However, there is no guarantee that the new treatment will be safe, effective, or better than a standard treatment. Non-melanoma skin cancer is mainly caused by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. UV light comes from the sun, as well as artificial sunbeds and sunlamps.