A dental abscess, or tooth abscess, is an accumulation of pus that forms inside the teeth or gums. The abscess typically originates from a bacterial infection, often one that has accumulated in the soft pulp of the tooth. During the 1990s, there was strong controversy regarding the possible damage to health from the use of mercury amalgam material to fill cavities caused by decay. Extensive research has shown that there is no valid scientific evidence to support a link between the presence of amalgam fillings in the mouth and systemic disease. A safety review (2008) conducted by the Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks (SCENIHR) of the European Commission.
Treatment may involve typical dental procedures, and in some occasional surgery. There are 3 type of surgeries: Incision, Treating a periapical abscess, Treating a periodontal abscess. Future research deals with determination of various host and environmental factors that put an individual at risk for development of dental abscess. Increased reliance on novel molecular techniques has enriched our knowledge of the diverse polymicrobial collection that constitutes a dental abscess. Antimicrobials should be reserved for patients with evidence of cellulitis and signs of sepsis. Most of the evidence pointing toward a key role for prompts surgical intervention and timely review.