Albinism is a rare group of genetic disorders that cause the skin, hair, or eyes to have little or no colour. Albinism is also associated with vision problems. Albinism is caused by a defect in one of several genes that produce or distribute melanin (natural pigment). Many forms of albinism are associated with the following symptoms: Crossed eyes (strabismus), Light sensitivity (photophobia), Rapid eye movements (nystagmus), Vision problems, or functional blindness. It is also called as achromia, achromasia, or achromatosis.
Symptoms include apparent in a person's skin, hair and eye colour. They include Absence of colour in the hair, skin, or iris of the eye, Lighter than normal skin and hair, Patchy, missing skin colour. Treatment should be given by Doctor may also diagnose the condition based on the appearance of yourskin, hair, and eyes. An ophthalmologist may perform an electroretinogram, which is a test that can reveal vision problems related to albinism. Because albinism is a genetic disorder, treatment is limited.
Therefore treatment involves protecting the skin and eyes from the sun: Reduce sunburn risk by avoiding the sun, using sunscreen, and covering up completely with clothing when exposed to the sun. We should use Sunscreen to have a high sun protection factor (SPF), Sunglasses (UV protected) may relieve light sensitivity. Statistics of albinism is approximately one in 18,00 people have a form of albinism.