Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder characterized by periods of elevated in mood and depression. This is also known as maniac- depressive illness because the patient is characterized by both mania and depression. This bipolar disorder is mainly observed due to changes in excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters secretions. During this that patient will be abnormally active, irritable or energetic (mania) and also feels like depressed and always thinks negatively (depression).
Causes: The causes vary from individuals and they maybe Genetic, Physiological, Environmental, Neurological, Neuroendocrinological and Evolutionary. Symptoms: The major signs and symptoms of this disorder can be categorized into various episodes like maniac episodes, Hypomanic episodes, Depressive episodes, Mixed effective episodes.
Treatment: This can be treated be a number of pharmacological and psychotherapeutic techniques. Physicians advice is most preferred.
Bipolar disorder affects more than 30 million people worldwide, and is among the top 20 leading causes of disability.2 Up to 2% of Europeans will have a bipolar disorder at some point in their life, of which approximately half will develop bipolar I disorder.Bipolar I disorder is equally common in men and women, and affects people from all social and ethnic backgrounds.3 The risk of developing a bipolar disorder is highest in young adults, with at least half of all cases starting before the age of 25.