Coeliac disease is a condition in which the intestine has an abnormal immune reaction to gluten in the diet. Gluten is a protein found in wheat or related grains, and is found in many types of food. People with coeliac disease have to follow a strict gluten-free diet.
Symptoms can include: Diarrhoea Constipation Nausea Chronic fatigue Weight loss Mouth ulcers Anaemia, due to poor absorption of iron Stunted growth in children.
Your doctor will normally conduct a physical examination and ask you about your symptoms. You may have a blood test to look for levels of various antibodies. To give a definite diagnosis, a biopsy may be necessary. This involves removing a small sample of tissue from the lining of your small intestine, which will be examined under the microscope.
The total costs of the patients with celiac disease were significantly higher than that of the control group for hospital admission, medications, laboratory and imaging. Hospital admission rate was 7.98% as opposed to 7.1% for the control group (p = 0.06). When compared with other chronic illnesses, the costs of patients with celiac disease were similar to those of patients with diabetes and hypertension.