Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is a group of hereditary disorders that damage the nerves in your arms and legs (peripheral nerves). Charcot-Marie-Tooth is also known as hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy. The main signs and symptoms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease are muscle weakness and decreased muscle size. You may also notice decreased sensation in affected areas. Foot deformities such as hammertoes and high arches are common in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.
The neuropathy of CMT affects both motor and sensory nerves. A typical feature includes weakness of the foot and lower leg muscles, which may result in foot drop and a high-stepped gait with frequent tripping or falls. Foot deformities, such as high arches and hammertoes are also characteristic due to weakness of the small muscles in the feet. In addition, the lower legs may take on an "inverted champagne bottle" appearance due to the loss of muscle bulk. Later in the disease, weakness and muscle atrophy may occur in the hands, resulting in difficulty with carrying out fine motor skills.
Meeting a medical practitioner
A patient must visit a doctor once the mentioned symptoms are becoming regular and the doctor will check for Signs of muscle weakness in your arms, legs, hands and feet, Decreased muscle bulk in your lower legs, resulting in an inverted champagne bottle appearance, Reduced reflexes, Sensory loss in your feet and hands, Foot deformities, such as high arches or hammertoes.
There's no cure for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. But, the disease generally progresses slowly, and the expected length of life isn't shortened by the disorder. Some, but not all people with the disease may experience pain due to muscle cramps or nerve damage. If pain is an issue for you, prescription pain medication may help control your pain. Physical therapy can help strengthen and stretch your muscles to prevent muscle tightening and loss.