Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria normally live in the intestines of healthy people and animals. Most varieties of E. coli are harmless or cause relatively brief diarrhea. But a few particularly nasty strains, such as E. coli O157:H7, can cause severe abdominal cramps, bloody diarrhea and vomiting. Symptoms of intestinal infection include diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever. More severe cases can lead to bloody diarrhea, dehydration, or even kidney failure. People with weakened immune systems, pregnant women, young children, and older adults are at increased risk for developing these complications. Most intestinal infections are caused by contaminated food or water. Proper food preparation and good hygiene can greatly decrease your chances of developing an intestinal infection.
If you develop symptoms of severe blood or kidney problems, such as anemia or kidney failure, your treatment may include: EPEC is an important cause of childhood diarrhoea in tropical countries. ETEC causes 11-15% of cases of traveller’s diarrhoea in persons visiting developing countries and 30-45% of cases of traveller’s diarrhoea among those visiting Mexico. EAggEC causes 30% of cases of traveller’s diarrhoea. While fluid replacement and blood pressure support may be necessary to prevent death from dehydration, most victims recover without treatment in five to 10 days. There is no evidence that antibiotics improve the course of disease, and treatment with antibiotics may precipitate hemolytic uremic syndrome.
Antidiarrheal agents such as loperamide (imodium), should also be avoided as they may prolong the duration of the infection. Certain novel treatment strategies, such as the use of anti-induction strategies to prevent toxin production and the use of anti-Shiga toxin antibodies, have also been proposed. Prescription diarrhoea medicines may be harmful when given to a person with E. coli infection. Doctor will suggest one of these medicines if a patient does not know that E. coli caused the diarrhoea. Be sure to discuss your symptoms with your doctor. Sharing information is important to get the proper diagnosis of your condition.
Peter S. Nyasulu
Prevalence and risk factors associated with acquisition of Sexually Transmitted Infections among people living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Diepsloot settlement, Johannesburg, South Africa PPT Version |
A novel synthetic antimicrobial peptide for the cure of gram-negative infections: Mechanism of action, efficacy in vivo, toxicity, bio-distribution and resistance selection PPT Version |
Nisreen K Aref
To compare serum leptin levels in obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and normal ovulatory obese subjects in Saudi Arabia, and to evaluate the interrelationship between leptin concentration, sex hormones, and insulin resistance. PPT Version |
Classically, the 3âuntranslated region (3âUTR) is that region in eukaryotic protein-coding genes from the translation termination codon to the polyA signal. It is transcribed as an integral part of the mRNA encoded by the gene. However, there exists another kind of RNA, which consists of the 3âUTR alone, without all other elements in mRNA such as 5âUTR and coding region. The importance of independent 3âUTR RNA (referred as I3âUTR) was prompted by results of artificially introducing such RNA species into malignant mammalian cells. Since 1991, we found that the middle part of the 3âUTR of the human nuclear factor for interleukin-6 (NF-IL6) or C/EBP gene exerted tumor suppression effect in vivo. Our subsequent studies showed that transfection of C/EBP 3âUTR led to down-regulation of several genes favorable for malignancy and to up-regulation of some genes favorable for phenotypic reversion. Also, it was shown that the sequences near the termini of the C/EBP 3âUTR were important for its tumor suppression activity. Then, the C/EBP 3âUTR was found to directly inhibit the phosphorylation activity of protein kinase CPKC in SMMC-7721, a hepatocarcinoma cell line. Recently, an AU-rich region in the C/EBP 3âUTR was found also to be responsible for its tumor suppression. Recently we have also found evidence that the independent C/EBP 3âUTR RNA is actually exists in human tissues, such as fetal liver and heart, pregnant uterus, senescent fibroblasts etc. Through 1990âs to 2000âs, world scientists found several 3âUTR RNAs that functioned as artificial independent RNAs in cancer cells and resulted in tumor suppression. Interestingly, majority of genes for these RNAs have promoter-like structures in their 3âUTR regions, although the existence of their transcribed products as independent 3âUTR RNAs is still to be confirmed. Our studies indicate that the independent 3âUTR RNA is a novel non-coding RNA species whose function should be the regulation not of the expression of their original mRNA, but of some essential life activities of the cell as a whole. PPT Version |
âYung-Chih Kuo-National-Chung-Cheng-University-Republic-of-China-Targeting-delivery-of-etoposide-to-inhibit-the-growth-of-human-glioblastoma-multiforme-using-lactoferrin-and-folic-acid-grafted-poly(lactide-co-glycolide)-nanoparticlesâ PPT Version |
A chimeric protein (mTcd138) comprising the glucosyltransferase and domains of toxin B and the receptor binding domain of toxin A provides full protection against Clostridium difficile infection in mice PPT Version |
Significant differences between augmentation of kynurenine aminotransferase I and kynurenine aminotransferase II activities in various types of brain pathology after HIV-1 infection PPT Version |
Tracking of viral evolution during an outbreak of emerging beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) infection in the critically endangered Orange-bellied parrot (Neophema chrysogaster) PPT Version |
Fatal outcome of pandemic H1N1 2009 influenza virus infection is associated with immunopathology and impaired lung repair, not enhanced viral burden in pregnant mice PPT Version |