alexa Goiter | Israel | PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Goiter

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  • Goiter

    Introduction

    Goiter is the abnormal enlargement of thyroid gland. Goiters are usually painless but in some cases cause cough and cause difficulty to swallow or breath. Common cause of goiter worldwide is lack of iodine in diet.

  • Goiter

    Symptoms

    Follow are the symptoms of goiter. A visible swelling at the base of your neck that may be particularly obvious when you shave or put on makeup A tight feeling in your throat Coughing Hoarseness Difficulty swallowing Difficulty breathing.

  • Goiter

    Treatment and Statistics

    In a randomized open study, we compared the efficacy of a single dose of oral ivermectin (200 μg/kg) and oral albendazole (400 mg/day for 21 days) for the treatment of cutaneous gnathostomiasis. Thirty-one patients were randomly assigned to receive ivermectin (n = 17) or albendazole (n = 14). Thirteen of 17 patients who received ivermectin responded, 3 relapsed, and 1 was unresponsive (cure rate = 76%). Thirteen of 14 patients who received albendazole responded very well and did not relapse. Only one patient was unresponsive (cure rate = 92%; P > 0.05). No major side effects were observed in both groups. We concluded that a single dose of ivermectin (200 μg/kg) is less effective than albendazole (400 mg/day for 21 days) for treatment of cutaneous gnathostomiasis, but there was no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05).

 

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